Electrified Road for Electric Vehicle also known as electric road system (ERS) is a system that can be used to transfer energy between a vehicle and the road on which it is traveling. Electric roads are a promising strategy to reduce CO2 emissions and air pollutants.
Electric Road Advantages and Disadvantages
- Providing a cleaner alternative to the combustion engine
- Uses renewable energy resources like wind or solar
- case of conductive charging, electric roads are also quite efficient
- Major alternatives to diesel- or petrol-powered vehicles
- A promising strategy to reduce CO2 emissions and air pollutants.
- E-Highways are also expensive (charging infrastructure into laying out roads, installing electricity lines, and maintaining them)
- They also have the potential to cause lengthy disruption to exist traffic flow as infrastructure gets updated.
- Standards for charging so that any type of vehicle could make use of electric roads need to be developed
- Many actors including governments, municipalities, power suppliers, and freight companies would have to work together
- Electrified Road for Electric vehicle is a complex mechanism
- Some cross-border cooperation in places like the EU where trucks traveling across the region would need to be adapted with the same technology to make use of the roads.
World’s First Electrified Road for Electric Vehicle
The First electric Road in the world was built in Sweden. The Swedish Transport Authority (STA) selected the Israeli company Electron Wireless to implement a technology that can charge electric cars and buses at full speed.
Which Country Has the World’s First Electric Road System?
Sweden has opened the World’s First Electrified Road. The 1.2-mile route, between Stockholm Arlanda airport and a logistics site, will now actively charge cars and lorries as they travel along it using an innovative energy transfer system.
There are plans to expand the project to the country and other parts of the world. The Swedish Transport Authority (STA) selected the Israeli company ElectReon Wireless to implement a technology that can simultaneously Charge Electric Trucks and Buses. The project involves
- The construction of 4.1 kilometers (part of the 1.6 kilometers is an electrical route) that connects the city of Visby with its airport on Gotland.
- There are plans to expand the project to the country and other parts of the world.
- The overall price of the task is predicted to reach $12.5 million with approximately 80% of that quantity deriving from governmental funding.
Which City has Become the First to have Electric Roads that Charge Public Buses?
The city of Tel Aviv is dealing with making remote electric roads to charge and power public transportation around there.
The electric roads are essential for a test case program drove by the Tel Aviv-Yafo Municipality in a joint effort with ElectReon. The task is being supported by a blend of government and private assets, as indicated by a representative for ElectReon, however, a full financial plan has not been delivered.
The roads will length from Tel Aviv University Railway station to Klatzkin Terminal in Ramat Aviv, a course of about 1.2 miles. The electric road itself will be around 37 miles in length, somewhat less than a half portion of a mile.
Electric foundation under the road will charge uniquely prepared transports. The framework comprises a bunch of copper curls that are set under the black-top of the road, as per ElectReon. With respect to the vehicles, receivers are introduced on the floor of the vehicle to send energy straightforwardly to the battery while driving.
Ev Charging Road
According to the charging method, Electrified Roads for Electric vehicles are divided into three categories.
Under this type of load, energy is continuously transferred from the overhead line to the vehicle through the pantograph. Conductive overhead charging is best suited for trucks and buses that are large enough to reach power lines. -Set the route so that they can be permanently connected to the power cord.
Conductive Power Transfer from Road
This is similar to air routing technology, except that the energy is transferred to the vehicle through a track embedded in or above the road. The technology includes a built-in robotic arm connected to a power source.
Inductive Power Transfer from Road
Here power transfer takes place between coils embedded in the road and coils in the vehicle without any wires. The power from the grid is converted into high frequency AC power to create a magnetic field which is then picked up by the coils under the vehicle to produce voltage.
When a car or truck is driving on a highway equipped with one of these technologies, the energy flows directly to the gearbox or used to charge the onboard battery. However, once the car enters a normal highway, it will change. Electric or hybrid or internal combustion engine.
Although some pilot projects have been carried out in cooperation with automakers, research institutions, governments, and energy companies, the use of electric roads today is very limited. One of these projects is in Lund, Sweden, where the Italian government plans to build a 6-kilometer eHighway in the north of the country.
A demonstration project is underway at the ports near Los Angeles and Long Beach in California.
Electric Highway in India
India Plans To Set Up Electric Highway On Upcoming Mumbai-Delhi Expressway
The key step to realizing the dream of versatility in India’s power is that the government agencies should study the creation of a pilot utility company, which can be deployed in the next two to three years if everything goes according to plan.
The Minister of Road Transport and Nitin Gadkari stated that the service will start a pilot project together with the large Enterprise Bureau to build an Electrified Road for Electric vehicle within 10 kilometers of the future Delhi-Mumbai highway.
The cost of the pilot projects 200 rupees because the framework including overhead lines and substations needs to be installed for preliminary tests.
The priest said that truck manufacturer must register to deliver certain models. Gadkari explained this interaction, saying that trucks with 80 tons of payload will be carried and electrically connected to obtain electricity from the flight service organization.
There will be two tracks, and trucks with compartments can work for 10 kilometers. The truck runs on electric power for 20 kilometers, and the battery is charged to work in areas where there is no overhead line.
The Electric Cars that Charge as you Drive
Several cars, utilities, and charities are testing innovations that are expected to ensure that electric cars, vehicles, and trucks will gradually be charged while driving with the innovation of the electric road system. Some larger vehicles, such as antenna cables used in cable cars.
How does this work?
The backup charge involves moving energy from one circuit (terminal connection) to another circuit through an electromagnetic field. For cars, you can charge the battery of an electric car in an unusual charging pad. The only important thing is:
- The vehicle must evenly insert a “receiving circuit” in the box in order to receive the energy sent to the ground through the “generation circuit”.
- When there is only one vehicle in motion, the dynamic receiving load works in a similar way. In this configuration, the vehicle moves while shrinking on the road.
- Every time you ignore the loop, you will get one second of power.
Challenges While Making Electric Roads.
As long as one believes this is achievable, strong adoption agencies will still face many challenges, such as :
- Since the implementation of an Electrified road for electric vehicles depends on coordinated efforts between multiple meetings related to intergovernmental agencies, power grids, and power grids it is a complex task.
- It requires reconsideration of the size of the loading and unloading facilities, how to fund the loading and unloading facilities and how to integrate them on the road, and how the operations of the troops are carried out.
- In order to reduce the reliance on the battery, the dynamic acceptance of charging must be able to share the majority, that is, let the vehicle bear completely different requirements
Which City is Building a Pilot Electric road?
Tel Aviv has dispatched a pilot project utilizing an under-road electric foundation to charge public transports. Vehicles are charged powerfully as they travel along the course.
The city will assess the chance of growing the innovation to more areas and for extra electric transportation, including public travel, appropriation trucks, and private and independent vehicles.